June 01 - Today in Tech History
The US Census Bureau began using Herman Hollerith’s tabulating machine for the first time. This gave Hollerith the basis to later found his Tabulating Machine Company, which was one of four companies that merged to form IBM.
On this day, the first pay telephone went into public service in the United States. A human attendant was appointed to collect the tolls. It was installed by the Connecticut Telephone Co. in their office at Yale Bank Building at State and Chapel Streets in New Haven, CT.
On this day, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, a plane designed by the German aeronautical engineer Kurt Tank, made its first flight and would go to bedevil the Allies throughout the rest of World War II. With upgrades throughout its service life, the “Butcher Bird” (or Shrike) as it was known due to its heavy firepower, would remain on the leading edge of piston-engine performance.
On this day, The Colossus Mark 2 was put into service at Bletchley Park in Great Britain, just in time for the invasion at Normandy.
On this day, first television licences were issued in Britain costing £2 and included radio (radio-only licences then cost £1) and were sold at Post Offices. Television services had been suspended during a Mickey Mouse cartoon, for defence reasons. That same cartoon was shown when television services resumed to cover the Victory Parade.
On this day, the development of photosensitive glass was announced publicly in Corning, N.Y., made by the Corning Glass Works ten years ago. The glass is crystal clear, but exposure to ultraviolet light followed by heat treatment forms submicroscopic metal particles creating an image within the glass. This is believed to be the most durable form of photographic medium, and to be as permanent as the glass itself.
On this day, Intel introduced the 4.77 MHz 8088 microprocessor, featuring 16-bit registers and, unlike its predecessor, the 16-bit 8086, had an 8-bit external data bus. With that, as well as 29,000 transistors using 3-micron technology and its ability to directly address 1 MB of memory, IBM soon took interest in using the 8088 in its PCs. Until that point, most popular computers used 8-bit microprocessors.
On this day, the E-Lamp, an electronic electrodeless lightbulb, was announced by Pierre Villere. The E-Lamp is illuminated when radio waves excite a phosphor coating, an efficient process that can save as much as 75% of lighting costs. The E-lamp technology was licensed from Diablo Research Corporation that developed it in the late 1980s but not approved for residential use in the U.S.
Maxis, the company most famous for its SimCity video game, went public. Along with others in the series — including SimEarth, SimAnt, and SimLife — the SimCity simulator program built on Maxis co-founder Will Wright’s childhood interest in model ships and airplanes. With Jeff Braun, he founded the company that allowed people to create virtual cities and protect them from various disasters on their home
Shawn Fanning and Sean Parker release the filesharing service Napster. The service provides a simple way for users to copy and distribute MP3 music files. It becomes an instant hit, especially among college students.